ARG's training program is unique in providing customized courses tailored to each client’s specific needs. It is designed to assist with the development of in-depth geomechanical analysis for the projects and therefore, especial focus is placed on fundamental concepts and enhanced methodologies. One or more trainers could be teaching each course and all trainers are practicing engineers or geoscientists with years of experience. 


Fundamentals of Reservoir Geomechanics
Training

Course Outline

Introduction to solid mechanics
Poroelasticity
Rock mechanics
Elastic wave propagation 
Thermal effects
Non-linearity
Anisotropy
Failure mechanics
Shear failure & plasticity
Stresses around wellbore
Hydraulic fracture mechanics
Geological aspects of reservoir geomechanics
Natural fractures & faults
Applications
    Heave & subsidence
    Reservoir dilation
    Reservoir stimulation
    Caprock integrity
    Wellbore stability
 Modeling techniques for reservoir-            geomechanics applications
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    Geomechanics of Oil Sands
Training
Course Outline
Constitutive behavior of oil sands
    Athabasca
    Cold Lake
Overburden formations
    Caprock 
    Other overburden formations
Theory background
    Multiphase flow in deformable porous media
    Coupled reservoir-geomechanics workflow
Hydraulic fracturing in oil sands
Numerical modeling methods & softwares
Geomechanics of CSS
    Sand behavior at near-zero effective stresses
    Compaction drive
    thermoporoelastic effects on fracture growth
    LP CSS vs. HP CSS
    Caprock integrity
    Monitoring techniques
Geomechanics of SAGD
    SAGD start-up 
    LP SAGD vs. HP SAGD
    Caprock integrity
    Monitoring techniques
Case studies
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Wellbore Stability
Training

Course Outline
Stresses around wellbore
Analytical solutions 
    Stresses and strains around wellbore for:
    Wellbore along a principal stress direction
    Linear Elastic media with no pore pressure
    Constant pore pressure
    Transient pore pressure
    Thermal effects
    Non-linear elastic media
    Wellbore not along a principal stress direction
    Permeable and impermeable formations
    Elasto-plastic media
    Plastic strains around wellbore
 Yielded zone around wellbore 
    breakouts
    tensile failure
    Breakouts and tensile failure in image logs
    Drilling-induced fractures vs. natural fractures
    Principal stress orientaion
Fracture gradient calculation
Safe operating mud weight window
Mud design
    Underbalanced and overbalanced drilling    
    time dependent failure
Effect of well deviation
Well trajectory optimization 
Effect of rock anisotropy in strength & stiffness
Chemical effects
Case studies
     
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Geomechanical Data Acquisition
Training
Course Outline
Laboratory program
    Index tests
    Rock mechanics tests
    Rock physics tests
In situ stress measurement 
    Mini-frac (DFIT)
    Shut-in method
    Flow-back method
    Pressure decline analysis 
    FCP interpretation techniques
Pore pressure measurement 
Pterophysical data
    Standard logs    
    Sonic logs
    Image logs (FMI, etc.)
Heterogeneity analysis
Discrete Fracture Network model
3D Seismic data
    seismic inversion
    AVAZ analysis

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Geomechanics of Shale Gas
Training

Course Outline
Geomechanical characterization of shale
    Mechanical properties 
    Strength, stiffness, and brittleness
    Porosity, density, permeability 
    Lab tests and petrophysics data
In situ stress mesurement
    Measurement techniques
    Interpretation methods
Characterization of natural fractures
    productive vs. non-productive
Well and reservoir testing
    Permeability determination from well tests
Pore pressure
Mechanics of Hydraulic Fracturing
Linear elastic hydraulic fracture models
2 dimensional  hydraulic fracture growth models
Fracture containment
    Role of stress contrast
3 dimensional and pseudo 3 dimensional models
Selection of Shale gas for fracturing
Well trajectory design
Pressure diagnostics for fracture evaluation
    Diagnosis of fracture height growth
    Pressure decline analysis 
        before and after closure
Stress shadow effect
Role of natural fracture network
Other consideration
    Geomechanics of micro-seismic monitoring
    Compaction and subsidence
    Wellbore Stability
    Casing integrity in shale gas
    Geomechanics of deep waste disposal
    Multi lateral junctions
Numerical simulation methods and softwares
Case studies
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